DRAFT SOC Undoing Intersectional White Supremacy: A Call to Prophetic Action. In August 2014, a group of Mennonite church and lay leaders formed an ad hoc working group with the aim of sharing information, passion and varied resources to dismantle the Doctrine of Discovery. The Doctrine of Discovery. In 2009, the Episcopal Church became the first in the Christian world to pass a resolution repudiating the Doctrine of Discovery. The Doctrine of Discovery established a spiritual, political, and legal justification for colonization and seizure of land not inhabited by Christians. The General Synod 29 (2013) of the United Church of Christ passed the resolution to repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery which authorized the genocide of Indigenous peoples and the theft of their lands. Unveiling the Doctrine of Discovery The Doctrine of Discovery is a phrase describing a consistent set of judgments and acts by colonizing Western societies over the past 500 years. On May 16, 2012, Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori issued a pastoral letter on the Doctrine of Discovery and Indigenous Peoples. In 2012, the United Methodist Council of Bishops passed a resolution on the Doctrine of Discovery, writing: Therefore be it resolved, all levels of The United Methodist Church are called to condemn the Doctrine of Discovery as a legal document and basis for the seizing of native lands and abuses of human rights of indigenous peoples; and  Be it further resolved, that The United Methodist Church will work toward eliminating the Doctrine of Discovery as a means to subjugate indigenous peoples of property and land. Doctrine of Discovery. Ted Fetter, chair of the mini-assembly about the proposed Responsive Resolution repudiating the Doctrine of Discovery, fields a question from a delegate. Lawrence Sankey, co-chair, Aboriginal Ministries Council, and the Right Rev. It was published on May 4, … In 2015, the United Methodist Women published additional materials for education and reflection, including The Enduring Effects of the Doctrine of Discovery. Download the ELCA’s statement (⤓ PDF) The action also called for a review of the history of the doctrine and the writing of a report on the doctrine. The 1493 Papal Bull stated that land that was not inhabited by Christians could be claimed and exploited in order to expand and instill the Christian faith. The Boulder, Colorado, Friends Meeting has developed workshops and resources about the Doctrine of Discovery and its effects. In 2012, the New York Yearly Meeting repudiated the Doctrine of Discovery. For his family, it's personal. The 2012 UUA General Assembly passed a resolution repudiating the Doctrine and calling for the full implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). Resolution D035, titled "Repudiation of Doctrine of Discovery," is one such measure. The GA delegates took up this question at the request of our immigration justice partners in Arizona. In fourteen hundred ninety-three, the Catholic Pope made a decree. 24 Farnsworth Street | Boston, MA 02210 The resolution, called “Repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery,” was passed unanimously by the Episcopal House of Bishops and by an overwhelming majority of the House of Delegates during the church’s 76th General Convention July 8 – 17 in Anaheim. The Doctrine of Discovery has become a legal instrument. Shares how five diverse congregations encounter frustrations and disappointments, as well as hope and wonder, once they commit to the journey to create multicultural, antiracist Beloved Community. Repudiate the “Doctrine of Discovery”: an Open Letter to Pope Francis. Or Stolen! The final item is “To call upon Pope Benedict XVI and the Vatican to publicly acknowledge and repudiate the papal decrees that legitimized the original activities that have evolved into the dehumanizing Doctrine of Christian Discovery and dominion in laws and policies.” This time around, however, that invitation comes with a demand: that Pope Francis officially repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery. Why did the Unitarian Universalist Association repudiate … Colonists, settlers, and homesteaders benefited enormously from the availability of “free” land, and their … The action also called for a review of the history of the doctrine and the writing of a report on the doctrine. The repudiation of the Doctrine of Discovery by General Synod 29 provides an invaluable teaching moment for our congregations to understand systemic and continuous impact of racism on the daily lives of indigenous peoples in the U.S. A short video can be found at https://vimeo.com/123430194. His sisters, Rhonda, Alice, and Crystal Littlegeorge, needed urgent medical care in 1959 – that's what their parents, members of the Hocak (Ho Chunk) nation, were told. The Doctrine of Discovery is a series of papal bulls, or decrees, that gave Christian explorers the right to lay claim to any land that was not inhabited by Christians and was available to be “discovered.” If its inhabitants could be converted, they might be spared. WHEREAS the delegates of the 2010 General Assembly instructed the UUA Board to create a “Justice General Assembly” in 2012, whose business is accountable to partner organizations doing human rights work in Arizona; and. 2012 UUA General Assembly Young Adult Caucus supports passge of resolution regarding the Doctrine of Discovery. It begins with the idea of Terra Nullius, an uninhabited land. In 2009, the Episcopal Church repudiated the Doctrine of Discovery. Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori on the Repudiation of the Doctrine of Discovery. Speaking is Rianna Johnson-Levy, First UU Congregation of Ann Arbor, MI. According to the report, the so-called Doctrine of Discovery began with a series of papal pronouncements in the 15th century “that granted dominion over non-Christian peoples and lands. The 222nd General Assembly (2016) of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) called the church to confess its complicity and repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery. In July 2013, the United Church of Christ 29th Synod passed a resolution of witness Calling for the United Church of Christ to Repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery which Authorized the Genocide of Native Peoples and the Theft of Native Lands (PDF). What does this 500+ year old document have to do with us in 2021? In July 2009, the Philadephia Yearly Meeting (PDF) repudiated the Doctrine of Discovery. That work is often costly, but it is the only road to abundant life. Evangelical Lutheran Church of America Repudiates the Doctrine of Discovery less than 1 minute read Vance Blackfox, “ A Reflection on the 2016 ELCA Churchwide Assembly’s Repudiation of the Doctrine of Discovery,” Journal of Lutheran Ethics, Volume 17, Issue 2, March 2017, elca.org/JLE/Articles/1202. Attempting to remake the land and peoples they found “in their own image” was a profound act of idolatry. The Doctrine of Discovery was first articulated in 1452 by Pope Nicholas V as the Papal Bull “Dum Diversas” and in 1496 by King Henry VII of England as … It has been invoked since Pope Alexander VI issued the Papal Bull “Inter Caetera” in 1493. Repudiating the Doctrine of Discovery. Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori on the Repudiation of the Doctrine of Discovery. Please join us for this powerful reflection on Sunday, January 17 @ 11 AM. Tino explains the process which led to the UUA repudiation of the doctrine. That land was taken by force or subterfuge from peoples who had dwelt on it from time immemorial – it was their “promised land.”  The nations from which the settlers came, and the new nations which resulted in the Americas, sought to impose another culture and way of life on the peoples they encountered. “It’s a historic event,” said Steven Newcomb, Shawnee/Lenape. The abundant life we know in Jesus Christ is made possible through sacrifice – through repairing what is broken, and finding holiness and healing in the midst of that challenging work. World Council of Churches’ Statement on the Doctrine of Discovery and Its Enduring Impact on Indigenous Peoples, The Presiding Bishop’s Pastoral Letter on the Doctrine of Discovery, The Doctrine of Discovery: The International Law of Colonialism, conference room paper from the 11th Session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, Conference Room Paper on the Doctrine of Discovery, presented by the Haudenosaunee, the American Indian Law Alliance and the Indigenous Law Institute, North America, at the 11th Session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, See a video on the lasting impact of the Doctrine of Discovery, © 2020 The Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, The Doctrine of Discovery: The International Law of Colonialism, Conference Room Paper on the Doctrine of Discovery. In 2012, The Unitarian Universalist Association followed suit. On February 17, 2012, The World Council of Churches issued a Statement on the Doctrine of Discovery and its enduring impact on Indigenous Peoples, saying, in part, "the current situation of Indigenous Peoples around the world is the result of a linear programme of 'legal' precedent, originating with the Doctrine of Discovery and codified in contemporary national laws and policies." In 2009, the Episcopal Church became the first in the Christian world to pass a resolution repudiating the Doctrine of Discovery. But this is also a matter for healing in communities and persons of European immigrant descent. As Joe mentioned in his reflection, the Doctrine of Discovery is a 1493 document that advanced the idea that because the lands of the Western Hemisphere were without Christians prior to 1492, they were available to be taken upon “discovery.” I first learned about the Doctrine of Discovery at the 2012 Justice General Assembly of Unitarian Universalist congregations in Phoenix, AZ. Many indigenous nations around the world, especially those in Canada, are supporting this movement. To repudiate explicitly and clearly the European-derived doctrine of discovery as an example of the “improper mixing of the power of the church and the power of the sword” (Augsburg Confession, Article XXVIII, Latin text), and to acknowledge and repent from this church’s complicity in the evils of On May 16, 2012, Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori issued a pastoral letter on the Doctrine of Discovery and Indigenous Peoples. Its time for the Vatican to repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery. Among other resources, the group has produced a documentary film. The Spanish monar This is an introduction to the Doctrine of Discovery for GA delegates ahead of Justice GA 2012 in Phoenix, where repudiation of the doctrine was on the agenda. “Finally, the “principle of discovery” cannot be relied upon in formulating an approach to Aboriginal title, and must be firmly rejected. The discovery doctrine, also called doctrine of discovery, provided a philosophical framework for Christian explorers, to lay claim to territories uninhabited by Christians. The doctrine was strongly held by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain who financed Columbus' first expedition to America. For more information contact [email protected] To celebrate the 30th anniversary next year, Antoine plans to invite the current Pope back to his community, an idea that was endorsed by the Dene Nation during a leadership meeting in Yellowknife last week. WHEREAS the Unitarian Universalist Association has been asked by partner organizations working with the Arizona Immigration Ministry to educate our … /files/includes/snippet-important-message.txt, Congregations on the Road to Multiculturalism, Doctrine of Discovery and Rights of Indigenous Peoples, United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Statement on the Doctrine of Discovery and its enduring impact on Indigenous Peoples, Episcopal Church became the first in the Christian world, pastoral letter on the Doctrine of Discovery and Indigenous Peoples, Calling for the United Church of Christ to Repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery which Authorized the Genocide of Native Peoples and the Theft of Native Lands (PDF), The Enduring Effects of the Doctrine of Discovery, Canadian Unitarians' Reconciliation Journey, Poor People's Campaign: A National Call for Moral Revival. In fourteen hundred ninety-two, Columbus sailed the ocean blue. Colonists, settlers, and homesteaders benefited enormously from the availability of “free” land, and their descendants continue to benefit to this day. Ditching the doctrine of discovery (and what that means for Canadian law) On May 1, 2016, the Long March to Rome is scheduled to arrive at St Peter’s Square in the Vatican to formally ask that Pope Francis rescind the Papal “Bulls of Discovery”. Repudiating the Doctrine of Discovery (United Church of Christ, 6:15), More Resources from the United Church of Christ, The Doctrine of Discovery: In the Name of Christ (Mennonite, 43:33). How has it shaped religion and politics since the days of Christopher Columbus? For his entire life, United Church of Christ member Larry Littlegeorge has felt called to repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery and its effects on Native peoples. Resolved, That the 76th General Convention repudiates and renounces the Doctrine of Discovery as fundamentally opposed to the Gospel of Jesus Christ and our understanding of the inherent rights that individuals and peoples have received from God, and that this declaration be proclaimed among our churches and shared with the United Nations and all the nations and peoples located within The … The New York Meeting of The Religious Society of Friends called for all Quakers to repudiate the Doctrine of Disovery . That the 2016 Rocky Mountain Synod Assembly memorializes the 2016 ELCA Churchwide Assembly to explicitly and clearly repudiate the European-derived “doctrine of discovery” with its continuing impact upon tribal governments and individual tribal members, to acknowledge and repent of its complicity in the evils of colonialism in the Americas, and to join with the Evangelical Lutheran … The DOD is woven into the fabric of United States law and is still used as precedent to violate treaties with Native peoples. Repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery distributed 8/26/16 - ©2016. That doctrine became enshrined in a number of other do… Speaking for the group is Sage Olnick. The 222nd General Assembly (2016) of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) called the church to confess its complicity and repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery. I urge you to learn more about the Doctrine of Discovery and the search for healing in our native communities. © Copyright 1996-2021 Unitarian Universalist Association.All Rights Reserved. UUA 2012 General Assembly Youth Caucus supports passage of the resolution repudiating the Doctrine of Discovery. To those ends, the Episcopal Church has provided educational materials for congregations, including worship and reflection materials (PDF), and a video. The statement, "Expresses solidarity with the Indigenous Peoples of the world and supports the rights of Indigenous Peoples to live in and retain their traditional lands and territories, to maintain and enrich their cultures and to ensure that their traditions are strengthened and passed on for generations to come...". Unitarian Universalists are one of a number of denominations and faith communities to do so. Rev. The Unitarian Universalist Association resolved to repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery and produced some great resources to help churches take concrete action in response. She wrote, in part, "The Doctrine of Discovery work of this Church is focused on education, dismantling the structures and policies based on that ancient evil, support for the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and challenging governments around the world to support self-determination for indigenous peoples." Keynote Address in UN Trusteeship Council Chamber, Recap of 2014 Intergenerational Spring Seminar, Youth participants 2014 UU UN Office Intergenerational Spring Seminar, The Episcopal Church Exposes the Doctrine of Discovery (14:00), Discovered? (617) 742-2100 | [email protected] The way Newcomb describes the Doctrine of Discovery these days is “a claim of a right of Christian domination.” It was first expressed by Pope Nicholas V in the 1452 papal bull “Dum Diversas,” which — along with subsequent bulls “Romanus Pontifex” and “Inter Caetera” — created a theological justification for Christian rulers seizing the property and possessions of non-Christians. The "Doctrine of Discovery" of 1493, also known as the Papal Bull "Inter Caetera", was issued by Pope Alexander VI on May 4, 1493. The Doctrine of Discovery is a 15th century principle of international law having its roots in papal decrees that sanctioned & promoted the conquest, colonization and exploitation of non-Christian territories & peoples. Doctrine of Discovery Report. Repentance and amendment of life are the answer, and God asks us all – this Church, our partners and neighbors, and the nations which were founded under the Doctrine of Discovery - to the challenging work of reconciliation. Jordan Cantwell, at 30th anniversary of the … The 71-page Doctrine of Discovery Task Force report that is coming to Synod 2016 chronicles the history of a colonialist doctrine dating back hundreds of years.. In 2013, the church published a DVD and guide, Walking the Trail of Repentance and Healing with Indigenous Persons. But this is also a matter for healing in communities and persons of European immigrant descent. We repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery, which asserted that lands belonged to the Christian powers that “discovered” them. Privacy Policy. We all honor the Spirit of Life, the Spirit of Compassion, the Spirit of Justice, the Spirit of Love, Unitarian Universalist Association So if you are going to repudiate this doctrine but are not willing to give up your land, whose title is based on this doctrine, then you probably shouldn’t repudiate it. Under this belief, title to lands lay with the government whose subjects travelled to and occupied a territory whose inhabitants were not subjects of a European Christian monarch. The Doctrine of Discovery, Pope Alexander VI's papal bull, permits any Christian coming upon land inhabited by non-Christians to claim it all. I urge you to learn more about the Doctrine of Discovery and the search for healing in our native communities. 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