Sources: CBS, IenM. Public spaces for people of 8 and 80 year old[click to view], [2]HOLLAND IN THE 1970S Dutch campaigners explain why the Netherlands is now so cycle-friendly[click to view], [8] Stop de Kindermoord (Stop the Child Murder). Opposition to the Dutch monarchy, the war in Vietnam and air pollution from automobiles became the major issues for the movement. The accompanying traffic death graphs tell a story of incredible half-century progress in Dutch road safety, one that is all the more impressive because  deaths and injuries from motor vehicle crashes fell dramatically despite significant population growth and an exponential rise in traffic. The Dutch make #urban #infrastructure like we make excuses. Stop de Kindermoord protest, The Netherlands. Two young boys were killed when they were struck by a driver in Westlake Village while crossing the street in a crosswalk. Cycling is a common mode of transport in the Netherlands, with 36% of the people listing the bicycle as their most frequent mode of transport on a typical day as opposed to the car by 45% and public transport by 11%. Bulletin Stop de Kindermoord : kontaktorgaan van de stichting Pressiegroep Stop de Kindermoord. Kindermishandeling en kindermoord. Original posts 95 Comments. In 1973, the oil crisis also gave momentum to the movement, and the government started the “Sunday free car” which reminded citizens how it was before the introduction of the car. Source: SNOV Factsheet -Traffic deaths in the Netherlands. Dutch Law & Culture; Dooring Statistics; Human Factors, Crash Analysis & Academic Research; Prior ‘Reach’ Anti- Dooring Campaigns “Look’ Anti-Dooring Campaigns; Dutch Reach Review Article; Media. A campaign in favour of pedestrians and bicycles started in different locations. How Amsterdam became the bicycle capital of the world, The Guardian, 5 May 2015.. See also: Stop de Kindermoord entry in Dutch edition of Wikipedia. Traffic deaths in the Netherlands since 1950, by age. In 1972, many protest related to such children murders occurred in different locations in Netherlands. The crisis increased the mass protest to improve road conditions, putting pressure on government to take measurements [2]. They made mass noisy demonstrations, painted illegal lanes in streets, among others[4]. FB Modacity. The movement against deaths by cars started with the death of a child’s journalist in a road accident. Wat is Stop de Kindermoord?. That today many Dutch citizens are unaware of the traffic carnage half a century ago, nor of those grieving parents and reformers who made Hollands roads now safe, is also not surprising. Beschrijving : Aktiegroep Stop kindermoord bezet kruispunt bij Albert Cuypstraat te Amsterdam Datum : 15 december 1972 Locatie : Amsterdam, Noord-Holland Trefwoorden : aktiegroepen, bezettingen Instellingsnaam : Pressiegroep Stop de Kindermoord Fotograaf : Mieremet, Rob / Anefo Auteursrechthebbende : Nationaal Archief The Stop de Kindermoord consisted of many local groups, each organising activities such as national street play days. The Hidden History of American Anti-Car Protests, by Peter Norton via CityLab, October 8, 2019. There were several demonstrations from the group: occupying accidents blackspots, organizing special days were streets were closed to allow children to play safely, they cycled with an organ in front of the house of the prime minister Joop den Uyl, to sing songs asking for safer streets [4]. There were a number of activists who protested against the situation and promoted the increase of cycling as a solution. “The battle goes on.. the propensity of urban planners to give priority to cars is still persistent”[4]. A characteristic is that the protests involved both the parents and children [2]. Verkeert : bulletin Pressiegroep Stop de Kindermoord. But the most memorable was ‘Stop de Kindermoord’ [4] “they were an answer to how a lot of people felt about (child) traffic deaths at that time in the Netherlands” [7]. But for a fine overview in the English language Wikipedia, see: Note:  Again, if you have information or sources bearing on the question of the 'far hand' method in the Netherlands or other countries where the practice might have arisen or spread [? Click on image to enlarge. This high frequency of bicycle travel is enabled by excellent cycling infrastructure such as cycle paths, cycle tracks, protected intersections, ample bicycle pa… Struggles for safe cycling infrastructure by Dutch activists – including a mothers-led-group called Stop de Kindermoord (Stop Child Murder) – since the 1970s, had led to creation of thousands of kilometres of bike lanes, extensive databases tracking cyclists’ concerns, and even tax credit for cyclists. Do you consider this an environmental justice success? They marched, they blocked roads, they even got arrested. One of the most remarkable protest, and is still use today, took place outside Amsterdam’s Rijksmuseum in the mid-1970s, were the participants laid down with their bicycles pretending to be dead [9]. A city safe for children is safe for everyone else Students walk the most. One of the most remarkable protest, and still used today, took place outside Amsterdam’s Rijksmuseum in the mid-1970s, were the participants laid down with their bicycles besides pretending to be dead [9]. Stop de Kindermoord grew rapidly and its members held bicycle demonstrations, occupied accident blackspots, and organised special days during which streets were closed to allow children to play safely: “We put tables outside and held a huge dinner party in our street. (wikimedia) 1973 was also the year that the pressure group "Stop de Kindermoord" ("Stop the Child Murder") started. The a short report on the movement and the series of organizations which pursued its goals into the 21st century is found in the Dutch version of Wikipedia here: Stop de Kindermoord, Although in Dutch, Google Chrome browser can provide a reasonable translation. That was a time when Holland's economic recovery from World War II was finally arriving. [But if you, Dear Reader, can help fill in this historical gap, please do share what you know, have or can discover with this Project by link, file, citation or contact! In the 1960s, Dutch cities were increasingly in thrall to motorists, with the car seen as the transport of the future. Tweetthis page. A campaign was launched called “Stop de kindermoord” — stop the child murder. Road deaths in the Netherlands 1950-2016 by transport mode. Note:  This volume is not currently available in the USA, and it has proven difficult to order from the Netherlands. in 1982. Therefore, use small groups of people collaborating on specific projects. As documented by SWOV of NL in Road deaths in the Netherlands (2016), road deaths totaled well above 3200 per year at the peak of the traffic carnage (see multi-decadal charts, figures 5 & 6). See texts & translations below. [See archival Dutch newspaper articles which recommend the far hand method here.] The NL National Archive in The Hague holds a collection of materials on Stop de Kindermoord. Was the protest movement then instrumental in making far hand use a popular and perhaps officially favored practice in NL in the '70's? Figure 6 charts the age distribution of each year's road fatalities. Around this time, the Arab countries had imposed an embargo on export of oil to Holland and a few other European countries for supporting Israel. In the late 1960's & '70's, the Netherlands was far from the pedestrian and bicycling mecca it is today. From this starting point, the group focused their efforts in increasing the roads safety, especially for children. | Fr. October 1, 2020 / bikinginla / No comments. In the 1970s, a growing epidemic of traffic deaths led to a nationwide advocacy movement called Stop the Child Murder. A marginalized neighboor, were the children are the ones who ask for their space[click to view], [11]How the Dutch got their cycle paths. Credit: International Institute of Social History. In 1973, the campaign group Stop de Kindermoord or Stop the Child Murder launched in the Netherlands. And it appears doubtful a recorded history exists at all, even in Dutch. Dutch Reach Project (DRP) closes a serious gap in existing road safety efforts to prevent “dooring,” a common, feared & at times fatal crash caused when exiting motorists - using their near hand - suddenly throw open their car door into the path of a bicyclist or other vulnerable road user (VRU). Two years after the creation of this group, the Dutch Cyclists’ Union was created, to demand more space for bicycles. Redesign Roads So That Motorists ‘Stop Killing Our Children,’ Urges Crowdfunded Film In 1971, over 3,000 people were killed by motor vehicles, 450 of them children. Dutch Reach Slide Presentation, Social Media Log / Twitter: @DutchReach & #DutchReach, Foreign / Other Language ‘Dutch Reach’ Videos, Engl. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. In time, they will shape the continued change of the movement. Countless organizations such The Provos, Stop de Kindermoord (“stop child murder”), and Fietsersbond (“Cyclists’ Union”) coordinated their efforts, fought against the impending motorways and road widening projects, and began staging large-scale demonstrations. The rise of the Reach 'culture tool' coincided with demands for reform. It took the intolerable toll of child traffic deaths – and fierce activism – to turn Amsterdam into the cycling nirvana of today. Among the historical factors that contributed to the success of cycling in the Netherlands were public outcry in reaction to traffic deaths, such as the famous Stop de Kindermoord protests, which, combined with the 1973 oil crisis and its financial impacts, got the national and municipal governments to implement policies in favour of cycling (Zee 2015). Their ideology was already anarchist-environmentalism. That the 'Reach' practice has faded from practice and Dutch memory as NL's road culture and infrastructure transformed, making safety for all the norm and reality, should not be surprising. … Next to nil infrastructure. In fear of change, many cities say 'we are not Amsterdam'.Well, neither was Amsterdam. Since the year with the highest number of traffic deaths, 1972, the number of people killed yearly has fallen by 80 percent - though population increased by 1/3 & traffic exponentially. Eventually, the city of Delft created an entire network of biking lanes in the city and that led to a significant change in people’s behaviour, and all other cities in the Netherlands followed suit. The 1960s had also witnessed in Amsterdam the movements of Provos (and later the Kabouters) - the Provos painted bycicles white that were left freely in the streets for public use. This led to a movement called Stop de Kindermoord, meaning stop child murder. Bicycle Dutch. They protested and resisted by the thousands, forming countermovements including Stop de Kindermoord, or “stop the child murder”, which sought to bring safety and justice to the city’s streets in the wake of hundreds of child deaths each year at the hands of the car. Actie Stop de Kindermoord in de Pijp, De Tijd, 16 Dec 1972. Credit: here [p.17].. Stop de Kindermoord The movement took its name from an editorial written in 1972 by a distraught journalist whose six-year-old daughter was killed while riding her bicycle to school. A history of this 'culture tool' has yet to be found in English. This staggering loss led to protests by different action groups, the most memorable of which was Stop de Kindermoord (“stop the child murder”). It would be helpful to learn the political, legal & bureaucratic history answering when, why and how these standards were enacted. : Child death went down from 450 in 1971, to 14 in 2010. Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available: Stop de Kindermoord ( They merged with Safe Traffic Nederland): https://vvn.nl/, MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization), Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt, Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals). Is the ‘Reach’ Method Really Dutch? Stop de Kindermoord campaigners visit Amsterdam’s House of Representatives in 1972. Protest and advocacy is essential to achieve universal and safe road sharing, by policy, enforcement, infrastructure, and culture change. „Pressiegroep Stop de Kindermord", by Vic Langenhoff, De Tijd, 20 Sept 1972. How Amsterdam became the bicycle capital of the world[click to view], [6]Related case: The children of Pijp. [Stop the Child Murder Pressure Group]. Mike Shoup Blog[click to view], [4] The Guardian. [5] Department Transport & Planning. Publisher: Foundation for the History of Technology and Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society. Only several are deaths by dooring. How Amsterdam became the bicycle capital of the world, The Guardian, 5 May 2015. Stop de Kindermoord Protests Led to NL Road Safety (& ‘Reach’?) This is who we share the roads with. Tag Archive for Stop de Kindermoord. Yet now, Dutch road fatalities number around 600 per year. ‘Stop de Kindermoord’ was a powerful message, and it gathered widespread support among mainstream commentators and young urban political activists. He (Vic Langenhoff) was the first person to use the term “stop de kindermoord” (stop the child murder). In response a social movement demanding safer cycling conditions for children was formed. Stop de Kindermoord Protests Led to NL Road Safety (& ‘Reach’? The Dutch Reference Study "Cases of interventions in bicycle infrastructure reviewed in the framework of Bikeability". In the post wa era  “urban policymakers came to view the car as the travel mode of the future”. ‘Stop de Kindermoord’ was a powerful message, and it gathered widespread support among mainstream commentators and young urban political activists. Its first president was the Dutch former MEP, Maartje van Putten." One Hundred Years of Policy and Practice Published by Foundation for the History of Technology and LMU Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society 256 pages, richly illustrated and full color ISBN 978-90-73192-46-1 Price €37,50 (handling costs not included) Available via: www.cyclingcities.info, Editors: Ruth Oldenziel, Martin Emanuel, Adri Albert de la Bruhèze, Frank Veraart, Dutch Reach Briefing for Officials & Advocates, Toronto City Council re: Doorings by Ride Share Passengers & Drivers, Letter to Officials After Yet Another Dooring, State Level Actions – Sample Bills & Acts, MA DOT Press Release: Dutch Reach in Driver’s Manual; Road Sharing, Praise for MassDOT / RMV’s Dooring Prevention Lesson, France, Belgique, pays de langue française, Anti Dooring Gallery – Photos & Graphics (B), Graphics: Signs, Decals, Cards, Stickers, Reminders (C), Flier: ‘Dutch Reach’ Info for Officials, Educators, Illustrated Dutch Reach Fliers & Hand-outs, Transport Industry: Insurers, Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, TNCs…. 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