Oct 13, 2019 - Explore Sean DeCarlo's board "Italian Battleships", followed by 209 people on Pinterest. While at anchor in Sevastopol on the night of 28/29 October 1955, she detonated a large German mine left over from World War II. They had a crew of 31 officers and 969 enlisted men. The Conte di Cavour–class battleships were a group of three dreadnoughts built for the Royal Italian Navy (Regia Marina) in the 1910s.The ships were completed during World War I, but none saw action before the end of hostilities. Sources disagree regarding these guns' performance, but naval historian Giorgio Giorgerini claims that they fired 452-kilogram (996 lb) armor-piercing (AP) projectiles at the rate of one round per minute and that they had a muzzle velocity of 840 m/s (2,800 ft/s) which gave a maximum range of 24,000 meters (26,000 yd). Two ships were ordered by the class's namesake, Admiral Simone de Pacoret Saint Bon, though the design was also influenced by Benedetto B… [26] In service their maximum speed was about 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph). The "Dreadnought" classification stemmed from the British Royal Navy's introduction of their HMS Dreadnought in 1906 - a ship that rewrote the standard for then-modern fighting vessels by way of its all-big-gun main armament and … Their draft at deep load increased to 10.02 meters (32 ft 10 in) for Conte di Cavour and 10.42 meters (34 ft 2 in) for Giulio Cesare. Her guns were operable by September 1942, but replacing her entire electrical system took longer and she was still under repair when Italy surrendered a year later. [13], The secondary armament on the first two ships consisted of eighteen 50-caliber 120-millimeter (4.7 in) guns,[14] also designed by Armstrong Whitworth and Vickers,[15] mounted in casemates on the sides of the hull. In Jordan, John. Buy Italian Battleships: 'Conte di Cavour' and 'Duiio' Classes 1911–1956 by Bagnasco, Erminio (ISBN: 9781526799876) from Amazon's Book Store. The ships' crews increased to 1,260 officers and enlisted men. [24] The German submarine U-596 unsuccessfully attacked the ship in the Gulf of Taranto in early March 1944. It lacked enough depth to be fully effective against contemporary torpedoes. [32] Atop the conning tower there was a director fitted with two rangefinders, with a base length of 7.2 meters (23.6 ft). [6] Each ship was equipped with three turbo generators that provided a total of 150 kilowatts at 110 volts. The ship was again placed in reserve from 1927 until 1933. The ships were completed during World War I, but none saw action before the end of hostilities. A representative of the first series of Italian dreadnoughts. Built to a design by Chief Engineer (Tenente Generale del Genio Navale) Edoardo Masdea, Conte di Cavour was based in Taranto, in the impending war against Austria-Hungary (World War I). Around that same time, one or both of the ships was equipped with a fixed aircraft catapult on the port side of the forecastle. [33] All this armor weighed a total of 3,227 long tons (3,279 t). The ships carried a total of 3,600 rounds for them. Italian battleships. One torpedo exploded underneath 'B' turret at 23:15, and her captain requested tugboats to help ground the ship on a nearby 12-meter (39 ft) sandbank. They only achieved speeds ranging from 21.56 to 22.2 knots (39.93 to 41.11 km/h; 24.81 to 25.55 mph) using 30,700 to 32,800 shaft horsepower (22,900 to 24,500 kW). It had a maximum thickness of 250 millimeters (9.8 in) amidships, reducing to 130 millimeters (5.1 in) towards the stern and 80 millimeters (3.1 in) towards the bow. Crew on the fleets spotted each other in the middle of the afternoon and the Italian battleships opened fire at 15:53 at a range of nearly 27,000 meters (29,000 yd). Conte di Cavour was an Conte di Cavour-class battleship that served in the Regia Marina during World War I and World War II. As with many large ships of the Italian Navy at the beginning of 20th century, she had an almost symmetrical silhouette. Both ships participated in a naval review by Adolf Hitler in the Bay of Naples in May 1938 and covered the invasion of Albania in May 1939. Leonardo da Vinci was sunk by a magazine explosion in 1916 and sold for scrap in 1923. This topic is categorised under: Ships » Battleships » Battleship Conte di Cavour-class 1 Construction and first years 2 Reconstruction and World War II 3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links Built to a design by Chief Engineer (Tenente … [17], Office of Naval Intelligence drawing of the Conte di Cavour class, January 1943, Shortly after the end of World War I, the number of 50-caliber 76 mm guns was reduced to 13, all mounted on the turret tops, and six new 40-caliber 76-millimeter guns were installed abreast the aft funnel. O'Hara, Vincent P. (2008). Originally built between 1910-1915. The ships were completed during World War I, but none saw action before the end of hostilities. This was only one fewer gun than the Brazilian Rio de Janeiro, then the most heavily armed battleship in the world; Rio de Janeiro's guns were mounted in seven twin-gun turrets. The Soviets also used her for training until she was sunk when a mine exploded in 1955. Temporary repairs to enable the ship to reach Trieste for permanent repairs took until 22 December. In addition two license-built 2-pounder anti-aircraft (AA) guns were mounted on the forecastle deck abreast 'B' turret. The battleship's main armament comprised thirteen 305 mm guns. These guns could depress to −10 degrees and had a maximum elevation of +15 degrees; they had a rate of fire of six shots per minute. The Italo-Turkish War of 1911–1912 diverted workers at the shipyards for repairs and maintenance of the ships participating in the war. The ship was again placed in reserve from 1927 until 1933. Newsfeed. Early designs were marked by their small size, light armor, and high speed compared to contemporary foreign counterparts. The ships had two rudders, both on the centerline. It was flanked by compartments on either side, each housing one turbine set which powered the outer shafts. The Italian battleship Conte di Cavour was one of a class of three Italian dreadnaught-type battleships dating from the First World War. The upper strake of armor protected the casemates and was 110 millimeters (4.3 in) thick. It was named after the Italian statesman Count Camillo Benso di Cavour . As designed, they were powerful examples of the second generation of dreadnoughts, with a combination of twin and triple turrets producing a unique main armament of thirteen 12-inch guns. The total weight of the entire protective system was 6,122 long tons (6,220 t), 30.2 per cent of their intended displacement. In any case, the American, British and French navies had overwhelming superiority in the Pacific by 1944. They fired a 6-kilogram (13 lb) AP projectile with a muzzle velocity of 815 meters per second (2,670 ft/s) to a maximum distance of 9,100 meters (10,000 yd). The Italians imported the raw nickel steel for their armor from America and Britain and processed it into their equivalent of Krupp cemented armor, called Terni cemented, but there were problems with this process and suitable plates took longer to produce than planned. Around that same time, one or both of the ships was equipped with a fixed aircraft catapult on the port side of the forecastle. [28], The center turret and the torpedo tubes were removed and all of the existing secondary armament and AA guns were replaced by a dozen 120-millimeter guns in six twin-gun turrets[14] and eight 102-millimeter (4 in) AA guns in twin turrets. The two surviving ships, Conte di Cavour and Giulio Cesare, supported operations during the Corfu Incident in 1923. [5], The ships of the Conte di Cavour class were 168.9 meters (554 ft 2 in) long at the waterline, and 176 meters (577 ft 5 in) overall. Leonardo da Vinci was sunk by a magazine explosion in 1916 and sold for scrap in 1923. The flooding could not be controlled and she later capsized with the loss of 608 men. Italian battleship Conte di Cavour #1/2. The ship was refloated, upside dow… The Cavour class in that sense was almost a super-class, of which most ships entered service when WW1 has broke out. At that same time, a shell from Warspite struck Giulio Cesare at a distance of about 24,000 meters (26,000 yd). [45] She steamed to Malta in early September 1943 after the Italian surrender. [18] Their barbettes also had 230-millimeter armor above the forecastle[19] deck that reduced to 180 millimeters (7.1 in) between the forecastle and upper decks and 130 millimeters below the upper deck. The ships had two armored decks: the main deck was 24 mm (0.94 in) thick in two layers on the flat that increased to 40 millimeters (1.6 in) on the slopes that connected it to the main belt. In a relatively short span, Italy would design and built five battleships in two classes, based on roughly the same design. You can earn most of these battleships in early access play by collecting the new Italian Tokens temporary resource. [17], The frontal armor of the gun turrets was 280 millimeters (11.0 in) in thickness with 240-millimeter (9.4 in) thick sides, and an 85-millimeter (3.3 in) roof and rear. Conte di Cavour Tier V Italian Battleship 1915. The British were escorting a convoy from Malta to Alexandria, while the Italians had finished escorting another from Naples to Benghazi, Libya. [26] [31] In 1940 the 13.2 mm machine guns were replaced by 65-caliber 20 mm (0.79 in) AA guns in twin mounts. Giulio Cesare escorted several convoys, and participated in the Battle of Cape Spartivento in late 1940 and the First Battle of Sirte in late 1941. Casualties included 21 officers and 227 enlisted men[39] killed. You can earn most of these battleships in early access play by collecting the new Italian Tokens temporary resource. The ships could store a maximum of 1,450 long tons (1,470 t) of coal and 850 long tons (860 t) of fuel oil[7] that gave them a range of 4,800 nautical miles (8,900 km; 5,500 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph), and 1,000 nautical miles (1,900 km; 1,200 mi) at 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph). The tetrapodal mast was replaced with a new forward conning tower, protected with 260-millimeter (10.2 in) thick armor. Originally comprising five ships in two related classes, Conte di Cavour and Duilio classes entered service at the beginning of the Great War. The Conte di Cavour–class ships were designed by Rear Admiral Engineer Edoardo Masdea, Chief Constructor of the Regia Marina, and were ordered in response to French plans to build the Courbet-class battleships. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for 1:1250 NEPTUN CONTE DI CAVOUR METAL WATERLINE ITALIAN BATTLESHIP MODEL at the best online prices at … The Conte di Cavour-class battleships were a group of three dreadnoughts built for the Royal Italian Navy (Regia Marina) in the 1910s. Leonardo da Vinci was also little used and was sunk by an internal magazine explosion at Taranto harbor on the night of 2/3 August 1916 while loading ammunition. The second deck was 30 millimeters (1.2 in) thick, also in two layers. Above this strake was a thinner one, 130 millimeters thick, that extended 138 meters (452 ft 9 in) from the bow to 'X' turret. 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