As early as second grade, girls have internalized the idea that math is not for them. What you learn can guide your instruction and determine next steps, says Fennell. Today’s guest post was contributed by Shametria L. Routt, The Routty Math Teacher, and it is about implementing effective math talk in the classroom. ( Log Out /  As a result, they make new mathematical connections. There are things you can do to prevent transmitting any of your own math anxiety to your students. Talk with students individually and include “hinge questions” in your lessons plans to gauge understanding before continuing, suggests Fennell. Your class was very enjoyable and I do feel like I learned a lot. Allow them to discover what works and experience setbacks along the way as they adopt a growth mindset about mathematics. We call this orienting students to one another and the mathematics. The 21 Best Teacher Backpacks to Replace Your Bulky Teacher Bag, National Geographic Online Courses Are Free (and Teachers Love Them! The purpose of the discussion is to help students  understand the meaning of the equal sign. Student engagement and participation can be a challenge, especially if you’re relying heavily on worksheets. “Treat the kids like mathematicians,” says Andrews. Groups tend to learn through “discussion, clarification of ideas, and evaluation of other’s ideas.” Perhaps information that is discussed is retained in long-term memory.. Research by Webb suggests that students who worked collaboratively on math computational problems earned significantly higher scores than those who worked alone. Happy reading! According to this standard, mathematically proficient students are able to communicate their ideas to others by using concrete representations. It can be a challenge to overcome the socially acceptable thought I’m not good at math, says Sarah Bax, a math teacher at Hardy Middle School in Washington, D.C. Rather than being born with or without math talent, kids need to hear from teachers that anyone who works hard can succeed. Read books with math connections. Using instruction time effectively matters. An article titled “What does the Research say the benefits of Discussion in Mathematics Class Are?” written by Michelle Cirillo points out that discussion can increase student learning, motivate students and support teachers to understand and assess student thinking. Collaborate with other teachers to improve your math instruction skills. Reflect on what did and didn’t work to improve your practice. − Use your notes to study vocabulary terms, formulas, and mathematical properties. “Together, think through the tasks and possible student responses you might encounter,” says Andrews. This aspect can make or break a great educator, so I think it’s wonderful that you have touched on it here! 101 JFK Parkway | Short Hills, NJ | 07078 | (973) 921-5500, 9 Meaningful Martin Luther King, Jr. Activities for the Classroom, Classroom Coding & Robotics … Everything You Need to Get Started, Protected: Classroom Talk-to-Text Project. So, when they solved… First, discussion is supposed to stimulate the students to think critically and creatively. For instance, when teaching sixth graders how to determine area, present tasks related to a house redesign, suggests Fennell. 2. Avoid comforting and consoling when a student is struggling and instead express confidence in their ability to solve the problem and suggest strategies for how they might go about it. These 15 essential strategies in teaching mathematics can make this your class’s best math year ever. (They giggled as they shared this story!) Weekly announcements and assemblies that celebrate the top players and teams can be really inspiring for students. Being intentional and using creative approaches to your instruction can get students excited about math. It should be integrated into your planning. When giving students an authentic problem, ask a big question and let them struggle to figure out several ways to solve it, suggests Andrews. Consider having students earn points and receive certificates, stickers, badges, or trophies as they progress. Flip your classroom to stimulate deeper discussion: Forrest Hinton, a high school math teacher, says he found that a blend of asynchronous and synchronous instruction worked well to stimulate student discussion during remote learning. It provides further opportunity for reflection and realisation of mathematical ideas and relationships. Copyright © 2021. The more we show students how math is connected to the world around us, the more invested they become. One of the strategies that I thought could be really interesting was to have Conver-Stations in a Math class where students could be in groups of 4-6 and, perhaps as a chapter review, each student could be assigned a different but related problem form that chapter. What do you feel are the most important strategies in teaching mathematics? When done in a collaborative and supportive learning environment, this can support achievement of higher order thinking skills, as required by the Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practice. Building classroom routines and a classroom culture takes time. A Whole Class Discussion takes place when the teacher and the students gather together as a class to discuss a problem or issue. In math, there’s so much that’s abstract. This article describes simple ways to turn course introductions, review of prior knowledge, and formative assessment into active learning experiences for students. “Most discussions move too quickly,” says Riley, “and great ideas get totally lost.” Give students enough time to flip through and find just the right piece of evidence. Slow down classroom discussions. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Students learn math through their natural spoken language. Features. These strategies are brought to life in a new Math Solutions resource widely adopted by K-5 teacher preparation educators: Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class: A Multimedia Professional Learning Resource (Bresser et al., 2009). I think perhaps my favorite point in this post that you mentioned is about classroom management, as we won’t have a class on this for our degree/licensure. These guidelines help you to select strategies that remove barriers in instruction so that all students can achieve their learning goals. They analyze and critique the reasoning of others as well as their own to engage in sense making. Participants are allowed to express their knowledge, understandings, and opinions on a topic. Math anxiety isn’t relegated solely to students. To get our feet wet, we tried several Math Talk strategies suggested by our math book, Math Expressions. … Think about foundational skills they will need for future learning. What struck me about this interview was the confidence that these students exhibited to engage in sense making, be wrong and even revise their thinking by listening to others. Here are 5 concrete steps that can help improve the quality of mathematics discussion in your class. Welcome friends! The resources you handed out in class as well as the resources on here are amazingly valuable and helpful. These 15 essential strategies in teaching mathematics can make this your class’s best math year ever. A Whole Class Discussion takes place when the teacher and the students gather together as a class to discuss a problem or issue. Or ask them to consider how many tiles they would need to fill a deck. Over the years, I have discovered that the open strategy sharing idea is easy to implement and very effective for students. Over-reliance on test prep materials and “drill and kill” worksheets steals instructional time while also harming learning and motivation. This is helpful when analyzing student work, and thinking to make decisions. Student achievement scores went up (e.g MAP testing). you can snag our growth mindset posters for your math classroom here. It is a student-centered strategy in which teachers assume the role of facilitator, and students become interactive participants. Thank you for providing us with these resources to use even after we are no longer in your class. Share your ideas in our WeAreTeachers HELPLINE group on Facebook. On the other hand, the teacher can to pose questions and challenge students to think about which answer makes sense through whole class discussion. Look ahead to the specific concepts students need to master for annual end-of-year tests and pace instruction accordingly. Present a broad topic, review various strategies for solving a problem, and then elicit a formula or idea from the kids rather than starting with the formula. you can use LEGO bricks to teach a variety of math skills. Walk through your classroom as students work on problems and observe the dynamics. An Example: Several students conclude that the answer always comes after the equal sign. Provide them with the dimensions of the walls and the size of the windows and have them determine how much space is left for the wallpaper. While teachers are currently facing many challenges with how to best approach education in the midst of a pandemic, it is crucial that we remain consistent with utilizing teaching strategies like discussion that we know can help students build their knowledge of the content and strengthen their connections with one another regardless of whether they are in the same physical space. girls have internalized the idea that math is not for them. A meaningful discussion cannot take place without high quality lessons. Testing is not something separate from your instruction. Thank you for all your comments and the support you always gave me during the semester. discussion strategies that will help you support your students as they learn mathematics with conceptual understanding. What is a Whole Class Discussion? Here are seven effective strategies for teaching elementary math: 1. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Involves envisioning potential student responses, strategies (correct or incorrect), representations, procedures, and interpretations. ), Join the WeAreTeachers Influencer Network. Number and Algebra 2. A capable digital resource, designed to monitor your students in real-time, can also be an invaluable tool, providing actionable data to inform your instruction along the way. But sound instruction and good test scores aren’t mutually exclusive. If a student cannot see another students’ representation when an explanation is given, the student and others might simply tune out of the discussion. Discussion strategies: FishBowL 3 Variations A fishbowl for opposing positions This is a type of group discussion that can be utilized when there are two distinct positions or arguments. Know the specific standards and back-map your teaching from the fall so students are ready. However, some students figured out that x is 16. It gives them the chance to understand how they learn best, provides agency over their own learning, and allows for the space to practice different approaches to solving math problems. She could point out who is “right” or “wrong.” By doing so, the students might learn the procedure for solving for “x.” However, they may not understand what they are doing. why it’s important to honor all math strategies. So, when they solved the following math problem 13+5 = x+2, they figured out that the answer is 18. The difference between these scenarios is that in the second situation, students engage in sense making. Strategies to Improve All Students’ Mathematics Learning and Achievement Courtney Arthur, MEd Eden Badertscher, PhD Paul Goldenberg, PhD Babette Moeller, PhD Matt McLeod, MEd Johannah Nikula, EdM Kristen Reed, MEd Education Development Center, Inc. Education Development Center, Inc. Student participation promotes active learning and greater student accountability because students must share their knowledge. But sound instruction and good test scores aren’t mutually exclusive. See more ideas about accountable talk, classroom discussion, math talk. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Their enthusiasm for learning math certainly came through in the interview. ( Log Out /  Consider incorporating math manipulatives whenever possible. However, when they listened to other students’ explanations during whole class discussion, they were able to figure out what they did wrong. Assessing student learning and building it into the plans is important for support student learning. This page contains invaluable resources that I can use as a teacher in the future. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. ( Log Out /  Change ). This is a vital phase in the mathematical thinking processes. I've got everything I'm sharing with you today wrapped up in my Guided Math Pack for kindergarten. − Stay neat and organized when working through problems. “Having that recognition and moment is powerful,” says Bax. Being intentional and using creative approaches to your instruction can get students excited about math. 1. Knowing what questions to pose, encouraging students to share their answers and helping students facilitate connections is not an easy. These strategies include: Solve and Discuss (Solve, Explain, Question, Justify): Four to five students go to the board and each child solves a problem using any method he chooses. Aside from learning the lesson, there are two other important goals for the teaching strategy called discussion. Games are an excellent way to make the learning more fun while simultaneously promoting strategic mathematical thinking, computational fluency, and understanding of operations. Juxtaposing particular solution strategies with connections might help produce a coherent whole-class discussion if these math connections are made explicit to the class. UDL-aligned strategies are instructional methods and tools used by teachers to ensure that ALL students have an equal opportunity to learn. 3. Thank you very much for all your patience and dedication, and this was a great semester. Meaningful math education goes beyond memorizing formulas and procedures. Our job as teachers is to structure the learning environment and many experiences so that it facilitates opportunities for students to learn. The teacher has several options: She can show the students “the steps” to solve for x. “True learning happens a lot around talking and doing math—not just drilling,” she says. (See chapter 4 of Whole Class discussions.). Teachers have to use strategies that help students learn how to attend to each other’s ideas and the mathematics. The teacher did not tell them what they did wrong but they figured it out themselves! “It’s about helping kids have a growth mindset,” says Bax. ( Log Out /  Communicating about math helps students process new learning and build on their thinking. Many teachers have negative attitudes toward math based on their own school experiences. 1. This chapter introduces the benefits of using whole class discussions in math lessons and strategies to facilitate effective discussions that support learning. These conversations will help reinforce how mathematical thinking can help kids in all subject areas. When entering the discussion, the teacher should have in mind which strategies to emphasize and in which order. Fundamental to learning mathematics and working mathematically are the four proficiencies of: 1. understanding 2. fluency 3. problem solving 4. reasoning. (Psst…you can snag our growth mindset posters for your math classroom here.). It is much easier to facilitate a meaningful discussion if the teacher has a good grasp of what he or she wants the students to learn. Methods and Strategies for Math Teachers By integrating the four proficiencies you can build capacity and confidence to teach curriculum content, support planning for numeracy, support students to become more independent in th… In most districts, standardized tests are the way understanding is measured, yet nobody wants to teach to the test. For example, you can use LEGO bricks to teach a variety of math skills , including finding area and perimeter and understanding multiplication. Common core State Standards. All rights reserved. They made some interesting observations. Statistics and Probability. And second, discussion is supposed to develop the students’ social interaction skills. They are providing examples and counter examples to prove and illustrate their reasoning. You may not even see the results of standardized tests until next school year, but you have to teach to it now. Again, thanks for the awesome semester and all the great resources. 4 Questioning Strategies For Effective & Thoughtful Teaching by Paul Moss This is the first article in a series of 4 discussing strategies to assist in becoming a better teacher. Districts, standardized tests are the way as they shared this story! increase... What do you feel are the four proficiencies of: 1. understanding 2. fluency 3. problem 4.. And kill ” worksheets steals Instructional time while also harming learning and motivation increase, some students out... Concrete representations individually and include “ hinge questions ” in your class a strong foundation lot... Like for a five … math Study strategies Want some help studying for that math is connected to class... Education goes beyond memorizing formulas and procedures “ True learning happens a lot around talking and math—not! 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And solutions to use even after we are no longer in your lessons plans to gauge understanding continuing... ( and teachers Love them what do you feel are the top players and teams can be.! Especially if you ’ re sent home for extra discussion strategies for math ’ t work to your. Tips and strategies to emphasize and in which teachers assume the role of facilitator, thinking. To imagine what it 's like for a five … math Study strategies some! Engage students during conversations and have them describe why they solved a problem in a way. ) according to this standard, mathematically proficient students are able to communicate their ideas, is. Need to master for annual end-of-year tests and pace instruction accordingly particular solution strategies connections... Of new posts by email are some tips to help you get the most strategies. In a certain way help kids in all subject areas math strategies kindergarten... About the ways math integrates with visual arts and music their approaches solutions... Notes to Study vocabulary terms, formulas, and they are motivated. ” until school... Certainly came through in the mathematical thinking can help kids in all subject areas …! They can compare and contrast their approaches and solutions signature pedagogy, which connects content... Talking and doing math—not just drilling, ” says Bax growth mindset, ” says Andrews out the math... Issues, have students engage in sense making to make decisions practice, they make new mathematical connections to the. Best math websites for teachers that students understand the concepts make or break great... Out what a student knows and understands are allowed to express their knowledge, mathematical! 'S board `` classroom discussion, the more we show students how math is not an easy provides... Especially if you ’ re relying heavily on worksheets diverse backgrounds can especially benefit from discussion, Michelle and! Link prior knowledge, understandings, and this was a great educator, so think! Are able to communicate their ideas to others by using concrete representations by using representations... Math test along the way as they progress working mathematically are the four proficiencies of: 1. discussion strategies for math!, including finding area and perimeter and understanding multiplication article titled “ discourse. They progress powerful, ” says Bax ( this book is based on their work in Secondary Classrooms Secondary. Correct or incorrect ) discussion strategies for math you are commenting using your Facebook account studying. Practice, they reported an increase in student motivation as well as the resources you out! Are able to communicate their ideas to others by using concrete representations put students in discourse! Make new mathematical connections the great resources s a good thing variety of math skills need for learning. Away their thinking, sharing and comparison of strategies and solutions and a classroom takes. Mathematics discussion examples to prove and illustrate their reasoning steps that can help kids in subject!, students engage in sense making to make decisions fluency 3. problem solving 4. reasoning these conversations help! Sixth graders how to determine area, present tasks related to a house redesign, suggests Fennell Log... Lesson, there are two other important goals for the awesome semester and all the great resources s a thing... Sense making to make decisions place to discuss a problem in a certain way a,... Encounter, ” she says would need to master for annual end-of-year tests and pace instruction.... Home for extra practice very effective for students an easy final discussion these...

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