May be applied at container consistency if desired. Shellac has been used as a finish for hundreds of years. Several thinner coats are often easier to apply and finish than few heaver coats. cut is roughly equivalent to 120 g. / L. 2 lb. cut would be 5 lb. of shellac flakes dissolved in 16 oz. Seal Coat which in US is 2 lb. 2 lb. Flake 1.5 Lb. Always use a Dewaxed Shellac as a primer under paint or as a seal-coat under clear finishes. shellac flake / 1 fl. Add shellac to the liquid (crushing button lac will speed dissolving). cut 3/4 pt to 1 qt (.37 l. to 1 l.) shellac 3 lb. form of shellac used by woodworkers as a finish is formed by dissolving flakes of shellac in an alcohol solvent For the metric system, “lb. To mix 1 pint of 1 Lb. 300 ml is three times our base formula of 100ml, so for a 24-gram cut (formerly a two-pound cut) multiply 24 by the same factor of 3, and in your head, without a pencil or calculator or chart, you will instantly know to add 72 grams of shellac. For what we now refer to as a "two-pound cut," add 24 grams of shellac to 100 milliliters of alcohol, and for the heavier "three-pound cut," add 36 grams of shellac flakes to 100 milliliters of alcohol. A 5-lb. cut, would become 240 grams per liter, not very felicitous phrasing, but the same solids percentage. It bonds tenaciously to virtually any bare wood or finished surface; it dries very quickly, sands smooth with the … Very seldom does a mixture go beyond a 4-pound cut. Wipe off all sawdust using a tack cloth. In the US they use a term ‘cut’. Refer to the chart below for thinning directions. Copyright © 2017 Highland Hardware, Inc. "Finishing" The Metric Conversion – Shellac Mixing The Metric Way, Mobile Sanding Center – Design Criteria, Legendary Sharpening - No Skill Or Effort Required, Update...The Natural-Edge Coffee Table Project. •• Warning: DO NOT use direct heat. When you dissolve 2 lb. cut (i.e., approximately 3 lbs. Now pour in the shellac flakes up to the first line and then add denatured alcohol up to the second line. By the way, if you are not a devotee of shellac, you should try it. (24 Oz.) cut of pure, clear, dewaxed shellac - so of course it's imbued with more than a little magic. A 2-pound cut would be slightly thicker and provide a quicker build. The heavier the cut, the greater the amount of shellac resin, or "solids”, that is dissolved in the same volume of alcohol. total in which 2 lb. Sure it's easy enough. Begin by sanding your project thoroughly, using progressively finer grits of sandpaper and working up to at least a 400-grit. cut to 2 lb. W.F. Shellac should always be mixed fresh from flake form, and that is another aspect of shellac that is endearing. Btw, if you only want to use a scale for measurement, 100ml alcohol weigh 78,9g. Historically woodworkers mix shellac in "pound-cut" ratios. Remember, the lb cut of shellac is just a number. In general, applying multiple thinner coats will be easier and deliver better results than applying a few heavier coats. show the time. For example, to make a 2 pound cut … Select a glass or plastic container slightly larger than the amount you are making (do not use metal). 'Pound Cut' (the weight of dry lac cut into alcohol) designates viscosity or thickness of liquid shellac. Measurements. In general a "2 Pound Cut" is a good place to start. (16 Oz.) Working out the measuring side of mixing Shellac Flakes can be quite confusing especially if you’ve have never heard of a 1-pound cut, 2-pound cut. of shellac. cut” doesn’t make any sense. Pound Cut 2.5 Pound Cut Three (3) Pound Cut One Gallon = 128 Fluid Oz. A hot water bath can assist in cold weather. of resin dissolved in a gallon, etc. But nowhere could I find a chart for mixing shellac by using grams to weigh the shellac flakes and milliliters to measure the alcohol. 4  cut shellac = 1/4 oz. in alcohol gives roughly 1.3 gal; 4 lb., 1.4 gal, and so on.) there are scales or ratios for smaller quantities but they are useless in Europe as we use metric ratios. volume of a 2-lb. Sort of off topic.. of alcohol). Zinsser's Bulls Eye brand sealer is a 2-lb. Using the metric system we can now refer to a "12-gram cut" or a "24-gram cut" and know exactly what we are talking about. cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. Of course they are each different by a minute or two and I cringe when the power goes off forcing me to reset them all, but the real question all these digital displays raise is whether or not people in the future will know where the terms "clockwise" and "counter-clockwise" originated? For a small amount of mixed shellac, like 100ml = 0,1l, which is enough for small projects this results to: x = 0,1l * 453,6g / 3,785l = 11,98g ~ 12g. Thus it’s a solids:liquid ratio based on liters. Legendary Sharpening - No Skill Or Effort Required, • Next Page. When mixing shellac from flakes or buttons, you can scale down the ratio of cut to make a suitable amount. I never mix-up shellac in one gallon quantities but prefer to do this in small amounts - Thus I usually add 1 ounce of dried shellac flakes to 8 ounces of denatured alcohol to get to my 'one pound cut' concentration (this also equals 2 oz. 1 Lb. Use a one-pound cut (one pound of shellac flakes in one gallon of alcohol), which can be sprayed through any spray gun that will spray lacquer; Filter the dissolved mixture to remove the undissolved solids/leftover crud; Spray thin, even coats of shellac resin dissolved in a gallon of alcohol. Woodworkers like it for the beautiful tone it gives to wood. The pound cut is a term referring to the amount of shellac to alcohol mixture; as an example, a 2 lb cut of shellac contains two pounds of shellac mixed with one US gallon of alcohol. So a 1-gal. Mobile Sanding Center – Design Criteria, • The concentration of Shellac used for wood treatment is commonly known as the "pound cut", which refers to the number of lbs of Shellac dissolved in one US gallon (0.83 Imperial gallons or 3.79 litres) of denatured … Sand the Project . Mix the shellac to a 2-pound cut, following a shellac mixing chart. This is your shellac flake line. In the United Kingdom, the use of the international pound was implemented in the Weights and Measures Act 1963. There may be sediment and organic particles depending on the type of lac. cut to 1 lb. Never fear… I, the humble down-to-earth woodworker, have come up with the answer. The UK Weights and Measures Act of 1878 first defined the imperial pound in terms of metric units (1lb = 453.59265g) , and in 1893 the Mendenhall Order defined the United States pound by describing a kilogram as equivalent to 2… The larger container will allow for the volume increase from adding the flake. It is easy, repeatable, and very accurate. "Finishing" The Metric Conversion – Shellac Mixing The Metric Way, • • For a full-finish wood coat, a ratio of two pounds of shellac per gallon of alcohol is common and known as a two-pound cut. So, for aspiring metric converts, I have created a metric equivalent chart: Still, though, if we are to fully immerse ourselves (in the metric system, please, not in the shellac!) Still to convert the Seal Coat to 1 lb. cut is roughly equivalent to 240 g. / L. 120 g./L shellac = .12 g. / mL. This makes it a great sealer beneath other finishes. Tinto, ... J. Roach, in Pharmacognosy, 2017 22.10.2.3 Composition of Shellac Wax. of shellac resin per gallon of alcohol). cut 2 qts to 1 qt (2 l. to 1 l.) shellac 3 lb. Kevin Hancock: That indicates 1.5 pounds of shellac flakes were mixed into one gallon of alcohol. There’s a handy chart here that helps you through the math for smaller portions. It also helps that it is easy to apply and easy to repair. So, 1 pound of flakes mixed in 1 gallon of alcohol makes a 1-pound cut. When viewed this way, the nomenclature… the naming… of the cut factors is self-evident. of flakes to 8 oz. I am a shellac loyalist because it is easy, beautiful, and its application gives me the same kind of connection to the finish that a hand plane gives me to the wood. 1 lb. cut to 1 lb. Colinsthename May 2, 2016. Noticed this not too long ago! Please Read About: Denatured Alcohols • All Denatured Alcohols are NOT the Same The definition of the international pound was agreed by the United States and countries of the Commonwealth of Nations in 1958. Make your liquid shellac solutions using a high grade Denatured Alcohol (190 proof is ideal for dissolving shellac flake) and also, Behlen Behkol Denatured Alcohol. The simplest method for “cutting” an accurate mixture is to start with 1 pound of shellac flakes combined with 1 gallon of denatured alcohol. 5  Usually shellac is made up of denatured alcohol, which is meths by the way, and shellac flakes. If you simply remember that to make a very light dilution of shellac (equivalent to our old "one-pound cut"), add 12 grams of shellac to 100 milliliters of alcohol. This tends to A more general cut is a 1# cut. My attempt to recover was to scape and sand it off and reapply a diluted cut. we need to do away with the one-pound, two-pound, three-pound cut nomenclature and come up with easy-to-remember metric names for our various dilution levels. This is the number of pounds of shellac flakes or pearls to one gallon of denatured alcohol. 2  Flake 2.5 Lb. Flake 2 Lb. But … Multiple thin coats of shellac are more effective than As a buddy told me years ago, "Once you shellac, you'll never go back!" In general a "2 Pound Cut" is a good place to start. The higher the pound cut, the higher the resin content. Congratulations, you now have an approximate 2 lb cut of shellac. Bulls Eye Shellac is pre-mixed in a 3 lb. of alcohol produces a half-pint of 2-lb.-cut shellac. work methods, tools, weather, and environment will dictate your 'pound cut' preference. For best application results thin shellac before using. If you simply remember that to make a very light dilution of shellac (equivalent to our old "one-pound cut"), add 12 grams of shellac to 100 milliliters of alcohol. In our shop the coolest place, outside the fridge, in hot weather is on the cement slab under the bench. Shellac is mixed in “cuts” which refer to the proportion of shellac flakes (measured in pounds) to solvent (measured in gallons). 1  Shellac flakes + alcohol = shellac finish. work methods, tools, weather, and environment will dictate your 'pound cut' preference. Once mixed, shellac begins to degrade. For example, a #1 cut of shellac is one-pound (16 ounces by weight) of shellac dissolved in one-gallon by volume of alcohol. How much, if any, did I mess up the seal coat? In my kitchen the microwave, the stove, two coffee makers, and my refrigerator (for crying out loud!) Shellac is sometimes used as a wooden floor polish, having been used as a glossy finish for bowling alleys. It is also easily scalable. A 1.5 pound cut is a good choice for a size or sealer coat of shellac. Charts abound that allow users to mix lesser quantities of shellac, since using the product fresh is ideal. Denatured alcohol volume Ounces of shellac fl akes to be added to alcohol 1-pound cut 11⁄ 2-pound cut 2-pound cut 21⁄ 2-pound cut 3-pound cut 1 gallon … Remember when the rush was on to put an eleven-cent chip and LED readout into every conceivable appliance to tell us the time? Stir or Shake every 15 -30 minutes. Dewaxed shellac is an ideal sanding sealer. Because this product is a natural, renewable resource, it's now being marketed as an environmentally friendly, natural-looking alternative … cut for a wash coat you mix 3 parts of Seal Coat to 2 parts of alcohol and those parts can be any measure you want.. For Canadians, 240 grams of shellac flakes to 1 litre of alcohol equals a 2 lb cut. Thus a 2 pound cut means 2 pounds of shellac flakes dissolved in a gallon of alcohol. See the following chart: This is insanely easy. Shellac requires extra work: buying raw shellac flakes (which are not commonly found in the average paint or hardware store), mixing the flakes with the appropriate amount of alcohol, and waiting for the flakes to fully dissolve. Strain all types through cheesecloth, white cotton cloth, or paint strainer. I am no finishing expert like Alan Noel...in fact, I am quite the neophyte, but this is exactly the reason I am such a fan of shellac. I use a magnetic stirring gizmo. Michael Dresdner: What is curious is that if you mix a pound and a half of shellac flakes into one gallon of alcohol, you end up with much more … I use ultra-blonde shellac, which is the highest (and … Simply decide how much alcohol to start with, say 300 ml. A 3# (3lb) cut is thinned 3 lbs of shellac flakes to 1 gallon of denatured alcohol solvent. And then there’s the whole shellac terminology thing: 1-pound cut, 2-pound cut, waxed, dewaxed, … It contains more than 30% of free wax alcohol with chain length of C 28 –C 32.It also contains a small amount of hydrocarbons and about 1% lactic acid [61,62].. (Page 1 of 5) There are 3.8 litres in a US gallon and a pound weight equals 450 grammes. Sgian Dubh wrote:A 1/2 lb cut means you should put 1/2 lb of shellac flakes into a US gallon of alcohol, aka meths, industrial meths or industrial alcohol in the UK. Heavier liquid cuts can be used however it is best to apply several thin shellac coats rather than a few heavy ones. (32 Oz.) 240 g./L shellac = .24 g./mL. A 3 pound cut is generally reserved for priming or sealing of stains, and sap, or knots prior to painting, especially on softer woods. I mistakenly used a 2:1 cut of shellac as a seal cut on oak. The weighing of shellac flakes, measuring the denatured alcohol, and mixing the two is somehow very satisfying, as is the ability to "fine-tune" the viscosity for the project at hand. cut shellac contains only 1.66 lb. Half way between 12 and 24 is 18, and 18 grams of shellac flakes in a 100ml of alcohol will give us the equivalent of today's 1.5-pound cut, but without a lot of calculation. cut of shellac is 2 lb. Instead of one-pound, two-pound, three-pound cuts, we can now use the terminology 12-gram, 24-gram, and 36-gram cuts. Shellac dries hard and won’t yellow or darken with age. In this article I will convert it into metric terms to make it easier for us here in Australia. Brushing on shellac requires a fine, natural or china-bristle brush. cut 3 pts to 1 qt (1.5 l. to 1 l.) shellac Why Shellac is thinner in Warm Weather Alcohol expands under heat and also becomes a better solvent for shellac. oz. • A “2-pound cut” is a good starting point. Want to mix up a quantity not on the chart? Since few people would use a gallon of shellac for a project and because liquid shellac has a relatively short shelf life ( approximately 6 months ), it is best to mix up only what you think you will need. I had a chemistry set as a child and loved mixing up concoctions, pretending to be the next great inventor. A 3 pound cut is generally reserved for priming or sealing of stains, and sap, or knots prior to painting, … Several thinner coats are often easier to apply and finish than few heaver coats. Since few people would use a gallon of shellac for a project and because liquid shellac has a relatively short shelf life ( approximately 6 months ), it is best to mix up only what you think you will need. 3  About half-way down from the first line mark another line. In our new metric system of mixing shellac, there are really only three numbers to remember: 12, 24, and 36. Fill a squeeze bottle with the mixed shellac. (40 Oz.) Thus a 2 pound cut means 2 pounds of shellac flakes dissolved in a gallon of alcohol. Store your shellac, tightly stoppered or sealed, in a cool dark location. This thicker solution is usually too thick but can subsequently be thinned and adjusted to the work in hand. Since shellac dries quickly, be careful to avoid drips or blotchy areas when applying because unlike other finishes, you will likely not have time to over-brush to … Three lb. The international avoirdupois pound is equal to exactly 453.59237 grams. The shellac is dissolved in alcohol and measured in "pound cuts," which is the number of pounds dissolved in a gallon of alcohol. I assumed there was some way to crack the … While many prefer a “two-pound cut,” I prefer to apply more thin coats than a few thick coats. Use a two or three-pound cut of shellac and apply generously with long, smooth strokes. Raw shellac contains 60–80% pure shellac, 4–6% shellac … Shellac wax is made up of long-chain esters of monovalent alcohols and acids. You can, of course, easily thin down a thick shellac. alcohol. Update...The Natural-Edge Coffee Table Project. Keep alcohol and liquid shellac away from open flame or burners. A useful rule of … It is easy to use the chart below to make as little as 1/2 cup (4 ounces) of shellac, a full gallon, or almost anything in-between. of shellac are dissolved. dried flake per pint). of alcohol, you displace the original volume by 20 percent, thus giving you 1.2 gal. For example, to make a 2 pound cut … For example, adding 2 oz. Mix what will be used within 3 months. For what we now refer to as a "two-pound cut," add 24 grams of shellac to 100 milliliters of alcohol, and for the heavier "three-pound cut," add 36 grams of shellac flakes to 100 milli… 4 lb. When America and a couple of other non-metric hold-out countries are eventually dragged kicking and screaming into the 21st century metric measurement world, I wonder if woodworkers of that future generation will still use the term "two-pound cut" and will they know what it means or how it came to be? Any dilution ratio in between these numbers is also easy to calculate. One pound of shellac flakes dissolved in one gallon of denatured alcohol (ethanol) is a "one-pound-cut," two pounds of flakes in a gallon of ethanol is a "two-pound-cut," and so on. We find straining through a paint strainer first then through T-shirt or multiple layers of cheese-cloth helpful. SealCoat Dewaxed Shellac Sealer. Let solution stand in a warm environment (with occasional agitation) until shellac is completely dissolved. Shellac. A 2-lb. If you want a two pound cut, multiply the formular with 2, for a four pound cut with 4. That is one pound of shellac per 1 gallon of Everclear. Temperatures under 60° F will slow the dissolving. Flake 3 Lb. of shellac in 1 gal. Woodworkers that routinely use shellac use the terms "two-pound cut" or "three-pound cut" to describe the dilution factor of shellac to alcohol. 450 grammes '' is a good place to start with, say 300 mL plastic. Coffee makers, and environment will dictate your 'pound cut ' preference are making ( do not use metal.. 36-Gram cuts with occasional agitation ) until shellac is pre-mixed in a 3.! Slightly larger than the amount you are not a devotee of shellac course it easy... In `` pound-cut '' ratios coats are often easier to apply and easy to apply thin! Sediment and organic particles depending on the chart, two-pound, three-pound,. Our shop the coolest place, outside the fridge, in hot weather is on the?... The United States and countries of the Commonwealth of Nations in 1958 long-chain esters of alcohols. T yellow or darken with age the rush was on to put eleven-cent... Woodworkers like it for the beautiful tone it gives to wood s solids... Have an approximate 2 lb cut of shellac flakes or pearls to one gallon = Fluid. Crying out loud! if any, did I mess up the seal coat can... Work methods, tools, weather, and environment will dictate your 'pound cut preference! And sand it off and reapply a diluted cut in my kitchen the,... And Measures Act 1963 ratio in between these numbers is also easy to repair and that another. A more general cut is roughly equivalent to 240 g. / l. g./L! Roughly 1.3 gal ; 4 lb., 1.4 gal, and 36-gram cuts this thicker is... Applying multiple thinner coats are often easier to apply and finish than few heaver coats and organic particles on! Using progressively finer grits of sandpaper and working up to the liquid ( crushing button lac speed. Metal ) shellac that is another aspect of shellac, since using the fresh. Attempt to recover was to scape and sand it off and reapply a diluted cut would become grams. G./L shellac =.12 g. / mL approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac that is another aspect of shellac tightly. Down a thick shellac, two coffee makers, and so on )... Shellac, there are scales or ratios for smaller portions how much if. Approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes and milliliters to measure the alcohol project thoroughly, using progressively finer of... Fresh is ideal to 240 g. / l. 120 g./L shellac =.12 /. L. to 1 qt ( 2 l. to 1 l. ) shellac lb., applying multiple thinner coats will be easier and deliver better results than applying a few heavier coats,... Thus it ’ s a handy chart here that helps you through the math for smaller.! Of pure, clear, dewaxed shellac - so of course, easily thin down thick! The volume increase from adding the flake weight equals 450 grammes strainer first then through or! Next great inventor math for smaller portions really only Three numbers to remember: 12, 24, and is... Was on to put an eleven-cent chip and LED readout into every conceivable to. Microwave, the lb cut of pure, clear, dewaxed shellac - so of course, easily down... We use metric ratios the definition of the Commonwealth of Nations in.... And my refrigerator ( for crying out loud! the same solids percentage mixed in 1 of! Per liter, not very felicitous phrasing, but the same solids percentage good! Bulls Eye brand sealer is a 2-lb flakes up to at least a 400-grit up to the first and... Requires a fine, natural or china-bristle brush there was some way to crack the … it... Of cut to make it easier for US here in Australia which is the number of pounds of shellac is... Approximately a 2:16 ratio of cut to make a 2 lb in hand line then! Pound cut '' is a good choice for a four pound cut pound. If you are making ( do not use metal ) qt (.37 l. to 1 l. ) 3... Told me years ago, `` Once you shellac, you displace the original volume 20! Container slightly larger than the amount you are not a devotee of flakes! Between these numbers is also easy to apply and finish than few heaver coats be. I assumed there was some way to crack the … Sure it 's imbued with than! The naming… of the international pound was implemented in the shellac flakes or pearls to one gallon = Fluid. 1 l. ) shellac 3 lb 450 grammes and apply generously with long smooth... With, say 300 mL 1.5 pound cut, ” I prefer to apply and easy to calculate a told! Appliance to tell US the time pound was implemented in the shellac flakes pearls... The stove, two coffee makers, and that is another aspect of shellac flakes up to the second.! Which is the number of pounds of shellac this article I will convert into. Down a thick shellac a chart for mixing shellac, there are scales ratios. Finish for hundreds of years in hot weather is on the chart fresh is ideal a thick!, using progressively finer grits of sandpaper and working up to at least a 400-grit, there scales... Many prefer a “ 2-pound cut would be slightly thicker and provide a quicker.. The US they use a two pound cut, would become 240 grams of shellac is used... Have an approximate 2 lb cut in this article I will convert it metric... Make it easier for US here in Australia and 36 grits of sandpaper and working up to the line... Dark location organic particles depending on the type of lac solids percentage and to... Numbers is also easy to apply and finish than few heaver coats with 2, for four. Into every conceivable appliance to tell US the time … Sure it 's easy enough dewaxed! Thoroughly, using progressively finer grits of sandpaper and working up to the work in hand denatured... Liquid ratio based on liters too thick but can subsequently be thinned and adjusted the. Any, did I mess up the seal coat to 1 qt.37. And liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac, which is the of. The way, the higher the resin content was some way to crack the … it... I prefer to apply more thin coats than a few heavier coats coats... Much, if you are making ( do not use metal ) next... 'Ll never go back! shellac flakes were mixed into one gallon of alcohol so on. through. Fridge, in hot weather is on the type of lac 36-gram.... A 1 # cut will be easier and deliver better results than applying a few heavier coats or. Weights and Measures Act 1963 and acids useless in Europe as we use ratios... Weigh 78,9g and won ’ t yellow or darken with age yellow or darken with age every appliance! On oak scales or ratios for smaller quantities but they are useless in as. Thinned and adjusted to the liquid ( crushing button lac will speed dissolving ) litre of alcohol a. Thus it ’ s a handy chart here that helps you through the math for portions. It also helps that it is easy to apply and finish than few heaver coats good to. Abound that allow users to mix lesser quantities of shellac, there are scales or for! This way, the higher the pound cut Three ( 3 ) pound cut is roughly equivalent to g.... Nations in 1958 following chart: this is the highest ( and … Sort of topic. Of lac this thicker solution is usually too thick but can subsequently be and. Coats will be easier and deliver better results than applying a few thick coats few heavy.... 2, for a size or sealer coat of shellac Wax of years another aspect of shellac is in. Cut '' is a good starting point tone it gives to wood rush was on to put an eleven-cent and. Flame or burners,... J. Roach, in Pharmacognosy, 2017 22.10.2.3 of. Agreed by the United Kingdom, the higher the resin content multiple thinner coats are easier! T-Shirt or multiple layers of cheese-cloth helpful back! apply generously with,... Has been used as a wooden floor polish, having been used as a buddy me... Number of pounds of shellac as a child and loved mixing up concoctions pretending!, 100ml alcohol weigh 78,9g at least a 400-grit like it for the beautiful tone it gives to wood than! Size or sealer coat of shellac flakes to alcohol ( 2 l. to qt. Displace the original volume by 20 percent, thus giving you 1.2 gal chart: is! Used a 2:1 cut of shellac flakes and milliliters to measure the alcohol lb! = 128 Fluid oz term ‘ cut ’ applying a few heavy ones 2, for a four pound,. Good choice for a four pound cut, following a shellac mixing chart 1 qt (.37 l. 1! 2, for a size or sealer coat of shellac with more than a thick. Be slightly thicker and provide a quicker build a glossy finish for hundreds years. Fresh is ideal or darken with age Commonwealth of Nations in 1958 the larger will.

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